Jun 11, 2018

309 threathened and engadangered plant species in Minnesota.

 SouthWoods Ecological Design is proud to be the design source for the Crandall Botanical Preserve.
Located in Grasston, Minnesota it will rebuild habitat for threatened and endangered plants while building a foundation of traditionally-edible foraging species.  The land has been divided into more than 33 habitat spaces for survey and replanting to build the natural capital, diversity, and raise the carrying capacity to support rare native species of Minnesota. The list below is from the US Fish and Wildlife Service.
 Designer Daniel Halsey is advised and working with local botanists, ecologists, expert plant foragers and the Minnesota DNR. He is collecting and researching plant species and community data for special treatment and propagation in the protected areas of the preserve.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Plants under review for suitable propagation and placement

Common nameScientific nameGroupFederal statusState status
Indian RicegrassAchnatherum hymenoidesvascular plantnoneendangered
Eared False FoxgloveAgalinis auriculatavascular plantnoneendangered
Round-stemmed False FoxgloveAgalinis gattingerivascular plantnoneendangered
Winter BentgrassAgrostis hyemalisvascular plantnoneendangered
Wild ChivesAllium schoenoprasumvascular plantnoneendangered
Slimspike Three-awnAristida longespica var. geniculatavascular plantnoneendangered
Narrow-leaved MilkweedAsclepias stenophyllavascular plantnoneendangered
Alpine Milk-vetchAstragalus alpinus var. alpinusvascular plantnoneendangered
Yellow BartoniaBartonia virginicavascular plantnoneendangered
Upswept MoonwortBotrychium ascendensvascular plantnoneendangered
Frenchman's Bluff MoonwortBotrychium gallicomontanumvascular plantnoneendangered
Slender MoonwortBotrychium linearevascular plantnoneendangered
Spatulate MoonwortBotrychium spathulatumvascular plantnoneendangered
Purple ReedgrassCalamagrostis purpurascensvascular plantnoneendangered
Floating Marsh MarigoldCaltha natansvascular plantnoneendangered
Carey's SedgeCarex careyanavascular plantnoneendangered
Handsome SedgeCarex formosavascular plantnoneendangered
Pale SedgeCarex pallescensvascular plantnoneendangered
Plantain-leaved SedgeCarex plantagineavascular plantnoneendangered
Weak Arctic SedgeCarex supina ssp. spaniocarpavascular plantnoneendangered
Northern PaintbrushCastilleja septentrionalisvascular plantnoneendangered
Iowa Golden SaxifrageChrysosplenium iowensevascular plantnoneendangered
Slender DayflowerCommelina erectavascular plantnoneendangered
Obovate BeakgrainDiarrhena obovatavascular plantnoneendangered
Prairie Shooting StarDodecatheon meadiavascular plantnoneendangered
Hoary Whitlow GrassDraba canavascular plantnoneendangered
Norwegian Whitlow GrassDraba norvegicavascular plantnoneendangered
Marginal Shield FernDryopteris marginalisvascular plantnoneendangered
Wolf's SpikerushEleocharis wolfiivascular plantnoneendangered
Two Leaf WaterweedElodea bifoliatavascular plantnoneendangered
Purple CrowberryEmpetrum atropurpureumvascular plantnoneendangered
Black CrowberryEmpetrum nigrumvascular plantnoneendangered
Bitter FleabaneErigeron acris var. kamtschaticusvascular plantnoneendangered
Dwarf Trout LilyErythronium propullansvascular plantendangeredendangered
Ball CactusEscobaria viviparavascular plantnoneendangered
Hairy FimbryFimbristylis puberula var. interiorvascular plantnoneendangered
Sweet-smelling Indian plantainHasteola suaveolensvascular plantnoneendangered
Eastern Green-violetHybanthus concolorvascular plantnoneendangered
GoldensealHydrastis canadensisvascular plantnoneendangered
Purple RocketIodanthus pinnatifidusvascular plantnoneendangered
Prairie QuillwortIsoetes melanopodavascular plantnoneendangered
ButternutJuglans cinereavascular plantnoneendangered
Jointed RushJuncus articulatusvascular plantnoneendangered
Marginated RushJuncus marginatusvascular plantnoneendangered
Slender RushJuncus subtilisvascular plantnoneendangered
Narrow-leaved PinweedLechea tenuifolia var. tenuifoliavascular plantnoneendangered
Auricled TwaybladeListera auriculatavascular plantnoneendangered
Sea MilkwortLysimachia maritimavascular plantnoneendangered
Bog Adder's MouthMalaxis paludosavascular plantnoneendangered
Hairy WatercloverMarsilea vestitavascular plantnoneendangered
MontiaMontia chamissoivascular plantnoneendangered
Chilean Sweet CicelyOsmorhiza berteroivascular plantnoneendangered
Sticky LocoweedOxytropis viscidavascular plantnoneendangered
Gray RagwortPackera canavascular plantnoneendangered
Elegant GroundselPackera indecoravascular plantnoneendangered
Canada Forked ChickweedParonychia canadensisvascular plantnoneendangered
Forked ChickweedParonychia fastigiata var. fastigiatavascular plantnoneendangered
Wild QuinineParthenium integrifoliumvascular plantnoneendangered
Broad Beech FernPhegopteris hexagonopteravascular plantnoneendangered
BladderpodPhysaria ludovicianavascular plantnoneendangered
Western Prairie Fringed OrchidPlatanthera praeclaravascular plantthreatenedendangered
James' PolanisiaPolanisia jamesiivascular plantnoneendangered
Western Jacob's-ladderPolemonium occidentale ssp. lacustrevascular plantnoneendangered
Cross-leaved MilkwortPolygala cruciatavascular plantnoneendangered
Christmas FernPolystichum acrostichoidesvascular plantnoneendangered
Snailseed PondweedPotamogeton bicupulatusvascular plantnoneendangered
Algae-like PondweedPotamogeton confervoidesvascular plantnoneendangered
Diverse-leaved PondweedPotamogeton diversifoliusvascular plantnoneendangered
Oakes' PondweedPotamogeton oakesianusvascular plantnoneendangered
Spotted PondweedPotamogeton pulchervascular plantnoneendangered
Rough-fruited FairybellsProsartes trachycarpavascular plantnoneendangered
Slender-leaved ScurfpeaPsoralidium tenuiflorumvascular plantnoneendangered
Leedy's RoserootRhodiola integrifolia ssp. leedyivascular plantthreatenedendangered
Missouri Bristle-berryRubus missouricusvascular plantnoneendangered
A Bristle-berryRubus stipulatusvascular plantnoneendangered
Knotty PearlwortSagina nodosa ssp. borealisvascular plantnoneendangered
Short-beaked ArrowheadSagittaria brevirostravascular plantnoneendangered
Nodding SaxifrageSaxifraga cernuavascular plantnoneendangered
Tall NutrushScleria triglomeratavascular plantnoneendangered
Northern SpikemossSelaginella selaginoidesvascular plantnoneendangered
Sheathed PondweedStuckenia vaginatavascular plantnoneendangered
Small False AsphodelTofieldia pusillavascular plantnoneendangered
Eastern HemlockTsuga canadensisvascular plantnoneendangered
Purple-flowered BladderwortUtricularia purpureavascular plantnoneendangered
Alpine BilberryVaccinium uliginosumvascular plantnoneendangered
Twisted Yellow-eyed GrassXyris tortavascular plantnoneendangered
Allegheny VineAdlumia fungosavascular plantnonespecial concern
Narrow-leaved Water PlantainAlisma gramineumvascular plantnonespecial concern
Nodding Wild OnionAllium cernuumvascular plantnonespecial concern
Northern AndrosaceAndrosace septentrionalisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Small-leaved PussytoesAntennaria parvifoliavascular plantnonespecial concern
Green DragonArisaema dracontiumvascular plantnonespecial concern
Red Three-awnAristida purpurea var. longisetavascular plantnonespecial concern
Ebony SpleenwortAsplenium platyneuronvascular plantnonespecial concern
Slender Milk-vetchAstragalus flexuosus var. flexuosusvascular plantnonespecial concern
Missouri Milk-vetchAstragalus missouriensis var. missouriensisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Spike OatAvenula hookerivascular plantnonespecial concern
Plains Wild IndigoBaptisia bracteata var. glabrescensvascular plantnonespecial concern
White Wild IndigoBaptisia lactea var. lacteavascular plantnonespecial concern
Discoid BeggarticksBidens discoideavascular plantnonespecial concern
Smooth Rock CressBoechera laevigatavascular plantnonespecial concern
Tailed GrapefernBotrychium acuminatumvascular plantnonespecial concern
Prairie MoonwortBotrychium campestrevascular plantnonespecial concern
Mingan MoonwortBotrychium minganensevascular plantnonespecial concern
Pale MoonwortBotrychium pallidumvascular plantnonespecial concern
St. Lawrence GrapefernBotrychium rugulosumvascular plantnonespecial concern
Least MoonwortBotrychium simplexvascular plantnonespecial concern
Buffalo GrassBuchloe dactyloidesvascular plantnonespecial concern
Narrow ReedgrassCalamagrostis lacustrisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Plains ReedgrassCalamagrostis montanensisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Yellow-fruit SedgeCarex annectensvascular plantnonespecial concern
Coastal SedgeCarex exilisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Yellow SedgeCarex flavavascular plantnonespecial concern
Gray's SedgeCarex grayivascular plantnonespecial concern
Hall's SedgeCarex halliivascular plantnonespecial concern
Hooker's SedgeCarex hookeranavascular plantnonespecial concern
Intermediate SedgeCarex mediavascular plantnonespecial concern
Michaux's SedgeCarex michauxianavascular plantnonespecial concern
Muskingum SedgeCarex muskingumensisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Blunt SedgeCarex obtusatavascular plantnonespecial concern
Necklace SedgeCarex ormostachyavascular plantnonespecial concern
Prairie-dweller SedgeCarex praticolavascular plantnonespecial concern
Northern Single-spike SedgeCarex scirpoideavascular plantnonespecial concern
Cattail SedgeCarex typhinavascular plantnonespecial concern
Dry SedgeCarex xeranticavascular plantnonespecial concern
Missouri SpurgeChamaesyce missuricavascular plantnonespecial concern
Hill's ThistleCirsium pumilum var. hilliivascular plantnonespecial concern
Twig RushCladium mariscoidesvascular plantnonespecial concern
Late HawthornCrataegus calpodendronvascular plantnonespecial concern
Black HawthornCrataegus douglasiivascular plantnonespecial concern
Canada FrostweedCrocanthemum canadensevascular plantnonespecial concern
RattleboxCrotalaria sagittalisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Plains Spring ParsleyCymopterus glomeratusvascular plantnonespecial concern
Small White Lady's-slipperCypripedium candidumvascular plantnonespecial concern
Western White Prairie-cloverDalea candida var. oligophyllavascular plantnonespecial concern
Water-willowDecodon verticillatus var. laevigatusvascular plantnonespecial concern
Silvery SpleenwortDeparia acrostichoidesvascular plantnonespecial concern
Prairie MimosaDesmanthus illinoensisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Squirrel CornDicentra canadensisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Arabian Whitlow GrassDraba arabisansvascular plantnonespecial concern
English SundewDrosera anglicavascular plantnonespecial concern
Linear-leaved SundewDrosera linearisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Goldie's FernDryopteris goldianavascular plantnonespecial concern
Three-stamened WaterwortElatine triandravascular plantnonespecial concern
Dwarf SpikerushEleocharis coloradoensisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Neat SpikerushEleocharis nitidavascular plantnonespecial concern
Few-flowered SpikerushEleocharis quinquefloravascular plantnonespecial concern
Rattlesnake MasterEryngium yuccifoliumvascular plantnonespecial concern
Hudson Bay EyebrightEuphrasia hudsoniana var. ramosiorvascular plantnonespecial concern
Autumn FimbryFimbristylis autumnalisvascular plantnonespecial concern
BlanketflowerGaillardia aristatavascular plantnonespecial concern
Northern GentianGentiana affinisvascular plantnonespecial concern
FelwortGentianella amarellavascular plantnonespecial concern
Northern Oak FernGymnocarpium robertianumvascular plantnonespecial concern
Kentucky Coffee TreeGymnocladus dioicavascular plantnonespecial concern
Nuttall's SunflowerHelianthus nuttallii ssp. rydbergiivascular plantnonespecial concern
Appalachian Fir MossHuperzia appalachianavascular plantnonespecial concern
American Water-pennywortHydrocotyle americanavascular plantnonespecial concern
TwinleafJeffersonia diphyllavascular plantnonespecial concern
Bog RushJuncus stygius var. americanusvascular plantnonespecial concern
Creeping JuniperJuniperus horizontalisvascular plantnonespecial concern
MudwortLimosella aquaticavascular plantnonespecial concern
Broad-leaved TwaybladeListera convallarioidesvascular plantnonespecial concern
American Shore PlantainLittorella americanavascular plantnonespecial concern
Whorled LoosestrifeLysimachia quadrifoliavascular plantnonespecial concern
White Adder's MouthMalaxis monophyllos var. brachypodavascular plantnonespecial concern
One-flowered MuhlyMuhlenbergia unifloravascular plantnonespecial concern
Broadleaf Water MilfoilMyriophyllum heterophyllumvascular plantnonespecial concern
Slender NaiadNajas gracillimavascular plantnonespecial concern
Olive-colored Southern NaiadNajas guadalupensis ssp. olivaceavascular plantnonespecial concern
Sea NaiadNajas marinavascular plantnonespecial concern
Old Field ToadflaxNuttallanthus canadensisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Rhombic Evening PrimroseOenothera rhombipetalavascular plantnonespecial concern
Devil's TongueOpuntia macrorhizavascular plantnonespecial concern
Blunt-fruited Sweet CicelyOsmorhiza depauperatavascular plantnonespecial concern
American GinsengPanax quinquefoliusvascular plantnonespecial concern
Purple Cliff BrakePellaea atropurpureavascular plantnonespecial concern
Carey's SmartweedPersicaria careyivascular plantnonespecial concern
Wild SweetwilliamPhlox maculatavascular plantnonespecial concern
ButterwortPinguicula vulgarisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Scouler's PopcornflowerPlagiobothrys scouleri var. penicillatusvascular plantnonespecial concern
Slender PlantainPlantago elongatavascular plantnonespecial concern
Small Green Wood OrchidPlatanthera clavellatavascular plantnonespecial concern
Wolf's BluegrassPoa wolfiivascular plantnonespecial concern
Prairie ParsleyPolytaenia nuttalliivascular plantnonespecial concern
Small ShinleafPyrola minorvascular plantnonespecial concern
Swamp White OakQuercus bicolorvascular plantnonespecial concern
Lapland ButtercupRanunculus lapponicusvascular plantnonespecial concern
Sessile-flowered Yellow CressRorippa sessilifloravascular plantnonespecial concern
Kinnickinnick DewberryRubus multifervascular plantnonespecial concern
Prince Edward Island BlackberryRubus quaesitusvascular plantnonespecial concern
Vermont Bristle-berryRubus vermontanusvascular plantnonespecial concern
Wild PetuniaRuellia humilisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Spiral DitchgrassRuppia cirrhosavascular plantnonespecial concern
McCalla's WillowSalix maccallianavascular plantnonespecial concern
False Mountain WillowSalix pseudomonticolavascular plantnonespecial concern
Beaked SnakerootSanicula trifoliatavascular plantnonespecial concern
Encrusted SaxifrageSaxifraga paniculatavascular plantnonespecial concern
Tumble GrassSchedonnardus paniculatusvascular plantnonespecial concern
SoapberryShepherdia canadensisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Drummond's CampionSilene drummondii ssp. drummondiivascular plantnonespecial concern
Soft GoldenrodSolidago mollisvascular plantnonespecial concern
Long-stalked ChickweedStellaria longipes ssp. longipesvascular plantnonespecial concern
Short's AsterSymphyotrichum shortiivascular plantnonespecial concern
Yellow PimpernelTaenidia integerrimavascular plantnonespecial concern
Goat's RueTephrosia virginianavascular plantnonespecial concern
Hairy-jointed Meadow-parsnipThaspium barbinodevascular plantnonespecial concern
Torrey's MannagrassTorreyochloa pallidavascular plantnonespecial concern
Snow TrilliumTrillium nivalevascular plantnonespecial concern
Purple SandgrassTriplasis purpurea var. purpureavascular plantnonespecial concern
Spike TrisetumTrisetum spicatumvascular plantnonespecial concern
Narrow-leaved VervainVerbena simplexvascular plantnonespecial concern
Barren StrawberryWaldsteinia fragarioides var. fragarioidesvascular plantnonespecial concern
Oregon WoodsiaWoodsia oregana ssp. cathcartianavascular plantnonespecial concern
Cutleaf IronplantXanthisma spinulosum var. spinulosumvascular plantnonespecial concern
Montane Yellow-eyed GrassXyris montanavascular plantnonespecial concern
Siberian YarrowAchillea alpinavascular plantnonethreatened
Beach GrassAmmophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulatavascular plantnonethreatened
Seaside Three-awnAristida tuberculosavascular plantnonethreatened
Long-leaved ArnicaArnica lonchophyllavascular plantnonethreatened
Tuberous Indian-plantainArnoglossum plantagineumvascular plantnonethreatened
Great Indian PlantainArnoglossum reniformevascular plantnonethreatened
Clasping MilkweedAsclepias amplexicaulisvascular plantnonethreatened
Prairie MilkweedAsclepias hirtellavascular plantnonethreatened
Sullivant's MilkweedAsclepias sullivantiivascular plantnonethreatened
Maidenhair SpleenwortAsplenium trichomanes ssp. trichomanesvascular plantnonethreatened
Fernleaf False FoxgloveAureolaria pediculariavascular plantnonethreatened
WaterhyssopBacopa rotundifoliavascular plantnonethreatened
Stream ParsnipBerula erectavascular plantnonethreatened
Kitten-tailsBesseya bulliivascular plantnonethreatened
Alpine BistortBistorta viviparavascular plantnonethreatened
Holboell's Rock-cressBoechera retrofractavascular plantnonethreatened
Narrow Triangle MoonwortBotrychium lanceolatum ssp. angustisegmentumvascular plantnonethreatened
Common MoonwortBotrychium lunariavascular plantnonethreatened
Goblin FernBotrychium mormovascular plantnonethreatened
Blunt-lobed GrapefernBotrychium oneidensevascular plantnonethreatened
Larger Water StarwortCallitriche heterophyllavascular plantnonethreatened
Cuckoo FlowerCardamine pratensisvascular plantnonethreatened
Jointed SedgeCarex conjunctavascular plantnonethreatened
Davis' SedgeCarex davisiivascular plantnonethreatened
Fescue SedgeCarex festucaceavascular plantnonethreatened
Garber's SedgeCarex garberivascular plantnonethreatened
James' SedgeCarex jamesiivascular plantnonethreatened
Smooth-sheathed SedgeCarex laevivaginatavascular plantnonethreatened
Spreading SedgeCarex laxiculmis var. copulatavascular plantnonethreatened
New England SedgeCarex novae-angliaevascular plantnonethreatened
Ross' SedgeCarex rossiivascular plantnonethreatened
Sterile SedgeCarex sterilisvascular plantnonethreatened
Water PygmyweedCrassula aquaticavascular plantnonethreatened
Short-pointed Umbrella-sedgeCyperus acuminatusvascular plantnonethreatened
Ram's Head OrchidCypripedium arietinumvascular plantnonethreatened
Slender Hair GrassDeschampsia flexuosavascular plantnonethreatened
Big Tick TrefoilDesmodium cuspidatum var. longifoliumvascular plantnonethreatened
Stemless Tick TrefoilDesmodium nudiflorumvascular plantnonethreatened
Narrow-leaved SpleenwortDiplazium pycnocarponvascular plantnonethreatened
Olivaceous SpikerushEleocharis flavescens var. olivaceavascular plantnonethreatened
Robbins' SpikerushEleocharis robbinsiivascular plantnonethreatened
Beaked SpikerushEleocharis rostellatavascular plantnonethreatened
Short Ray FleabaneErigeron lonchophyllusvascular plantnonethreatened
Upland BonesetEupatorium sessilifoliumvascular plantnonethreatened
False MermaidFloerkea proserpinacoidesvascular plantnonethreatened
Black HuckleberryGaylussacia baccatavascular plantnonethreatened
Witch-hazelHamamelis virginianavascular plantnonethreatened
Mud PlantainHeteranthera limosavascular plantnonethreatened
Beach HeatherHudsonia tomentosavascular plantnonethreatened
Rock Fir MossHuperzia porophilavascular plantnonethreatened
Catchfly GrassLeersia lenticularisvascular plantnonethreatened
Prairie Bush CloverLespedeza leptostachyavascular plantthreatenedthreatened
Small-flowered WoodrushLuzula parvifloravascular plantnonethreatened
Three-flowered MelicMelica nitensvascular plantnonethreatened
Rock SandwortMinuartia dawsonensisvascular plantnonethreatened
Large-leaved SandwortMoehringia macrophyllavascular plantnonethreatened
Glade MallowNapaea dioicavascular plantnonethreatened
Small White WaterlilyNymphaea leibergiivascular plantnonethreatened
Clustered BroomrapeOrobanche fasciculatavascular plantnonethreatened
Louisiana BroomrapeOrobanche ludoviciana var. ludovicianavascular plantnonethreatened
One-flowered BroomrapeOrobanche unifloravascular plantnonethreatened
Franklin's PhaceliaPhacelia frankliniivascular plantnonethreatened
Rough-seeded FameflowerPhemeranthus rugospermusvascular plantnonethreatened
Canadian RicegrassPiptatherum canadensevascular plantnonethreatened
Tubercled Rein OrchidPlatanthera flava var. herbiolavascular plantnonethreatened
Bog BluegrassPoa paludigenavascular plantnonethreatened
Braun's Holly FernPolystichum brauniivascular plantnonethreatened
Hair-like Beak RushRhynchospora capillaceavascular plantnonethreatened
ToothcupRotala ramosiorvascular plantnonethreatened
CloudberryRubus chamaemorusvascular plantnonethreatened
a bristle-berryRubus fullerivascular plantnonethreatened
Swamp BlackberryRubus semisetosusvascular plantnonethreatened
Three-leaved ConeflowerRudbeckia triloba var. trilobavascular plantnonethreatened
Hooded ArrowheadSagittaria calycina var. calycinavascular plantnonethreatened
Red SaltwortSalicornia rubravascular plantnonethreatened
Satiny WillowSalix pellitavascular plantnonethreatened
Whorled NutrushScleria verticillatavascular plantnonethreatened
Ovate-leaved SkullcapScutellaria ovata var. versicolorvascular plantnonethreatened
Annual SkeletonweedShinnersoseris rostratavascular plantnonethreatened
Snowy CampionSilene niveavascular plantnonethreatened
Case's Ladies' TressesSpiranthes casei var. caseivascular plantnonethreatened
AwlwortSubularia aquatica ssp. americanavascular plantnonethreatened
Reniform SullivantiaSullivantia sullivantiivascular plantnonethreatened
Clinton's BulrushTrichophorum clintoniivascular plantnonethreatened
Hidden-fruit BladderwortUtricularia geminiscapavascular plantnonethreatened
Lavender BladderwortUtricularia resupinatavascular plantnonethreatened
Edible ValerianValeriana edulis var. ciliatavascular plantnonethreatened
Lance-leaf VioletViola lanceolata var. lanceolatavascular plantnonethreatened
Yellow Prairie VioletViola nuttalliivascular plantnonethreatened
Silverleaf GrapeVitis aestivalis var. argentifoliavascular plantnonethreatened
Alpine WoodsiaWoodsia alpinavascular plantnonethreatened
Smooth WoodsiaWoodsia glabellavascular plantnonethreatened
Rocky Mountain WoodsiaWoodsia scopulina ssp. laurentianavascular plantnonethreatened

Permaculture and Polyculture Consulting and Design

Permaculture and Polyculture Consulting and Design
Getting to know your property, the plants you have and those you can grow, is a fulfilling endeavor. With most I am the steward of the land. I give them good soil biology and they do the rest. If I group them in cohesive plant communities, they respond with greater yields. If I encourage the micro-organisms (Fungus and bacteria) , the roots obsorb more nutrients making a pest and disease resistant plant. A stronger plant that gives us more organic food and takes less energy.

A Ten Acre Farm Transformed to an Edible Forest Garden

A Ten Acre Farm Transformed to an Edible Forest Garden
Self Renewing Fertility, Soil Building, Water Catchment, Tea Trail Swale, Erosion Control and Native American Medicinals