Jun 19, 2013

FIRE - RESISTANT PLANTS FOR HOME LANDSCAPES


In dry forested areas, grassland, and areas prone to large fires, plants can be used to deter the forward velocity of the flames and reduce the amount of fuel available. A rich understory of living plants burn slower and keep moisture in the forest floor. Ground cover plants with watery sap burn slowly. Carpet Bugleweed, Kinnikinnick, and Rock Cress form dense mats of vegetation, protection of the soil with succulent leaves. Fire resistant perennials include Thyme, Yarrow, Chives, Columbine, and sedges. Shrubs include: Cranberry Cotoneaster, Boxwood, Dogwood, Russia Sage, and Serviceberry. Surprisingly two conifers, Ponderosa Pine and Western Larch are fire resistant, due to their thick bark and high moisture foliage.  Many deciduous trees are fire resistant.

Fire-resistant does not mean fireproof.
Plants that are fire-resistant have the following characteristics:
• Leaves are moist and supple.
• Plants have little dead wood and tend not to accumulate dry, dead material within the plant.
• Sap is water-like and does not have a strong odor.
• Sap or resin materials are low. 

Check out the original publication by the University of Oregon.
http://www.firefree.org/images/uploads/FIR_FireResPlants_07.pdf 

 Groundcovers
Ajuga reptans Carpet bugleweed              
Antennaria rosea Pink pussytoes                   
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick                      
Aubrieta deltoidea Rock cress                         
Ceanothus prostratus Mahala mat                        
Cerastium tomentosum Snow-in-summer                
Delosperma cooperi Purple iceplant                   
Delosperma nubigenum Yellow iceplant                  
Dianthus species Dianthus, Garden carnation, or Pinks    
Fragaria species Wild strawberry                 
Lamium species Dead nettle                         
Pachysandra terminalis Japanese pachysandra                        
Phlox subulata Creeping phlox                   
Sedum species Sedum or stonecrops                         
Sempervivum species Hens and chicks                
Thymus praecox Creeping thyme                 
Veronica species Speedwell                          




Perennials
Achillea species Yarrow                               
Allium schoenoprasum Chives                               
Aquilegia species Columbine                         
Armeria maritima Sea thrift                            
Aurinia saxatilis Basket-of-gold                  
Bergenia cordifolia Heartleaf bergenia                             
Campsis radicans Trumpet vine                     
Carex species Sedges                               
Coreopsis species Coreopsis or Tickseed                       
Delphinium varieties Delphinium                       
Echinacea purpurea Conefl ower                        
Epilobium angustifolium Fireweed                            
Gaillardia varieties Blanket fl ower                   
Geranium cinereum Grayleaf cranesbill                            
Helianthemum nummularium Sun rose                             
Hemerocallis species Daylily                              
Heuchera sanguinea Coralbells                          
Hosta species Hosta lily                           
Iris hybrids Iris, tall bearded                
Kniphofi a uvaria Torch lily or Red-hot poker              
Lavandula species Lavender                           
Linum perenne Flax, blue                          
Lonicera species Honeysuckle                      
Lupinus varieties Lupine                               
Oenothera species Evening primrose                              
Papaver orientale Oriental poppy                  
Penstemon species Penstemon or Beardtongue               
Ratibida columnifera Prairie conefl ower or Mexican hat    
Salvia species Salvia or Sage                   
Stachys byzantina Lamb’s ear                         
Yucca species Yucca                                 

Shrubs—broadleaf evergreen
Ceanothus gloriosus Point Reyes ceanothus                      
Cotoneaster apiculatus Cranberry cotoneaster                       
Cistus purpureus Orchid rockrose                 
Daphne x burkwoodii
var  ‘Carol Mackie’ Carol Mackie daphne                        
Gaultheria shallon Salal                                 
Mahonia aquifolium Oregon grapeholly                            
Mahonia repens Creeping holly                   
Paxistima myrtifolia Oregon boxwood               
Rhododendron macrophyllum Pacifi c rhododendron                        
Shrubs—deciduous
Acer circinatum Vine maple                        
Acer glabrum Rocky Mountain maple                     
Amelanchier species Serviceberry                      
Caryopteris x clandonensis Blue-mist spirea                
Cornus sericea Redosier dogwood                            
Euonymus alatus ‘Compactus’ Dwarf burning bush                          
Holodiscus discolor Oceanspray                        
Perovskia atriplicifolia Russian sage                      
Philadelphus species Mockorange                      
Prunus besseyi Western sandcherry                           
Rhamnus frangula ‘Columnaris’ Tallhedge                           
Rhamnus frangula ‘Asplenifolia’ Fernleaf buckthorn                            
Rhododendron occidentale Western azalea                 
Rhus species Sumac                                
Ribes species Flowering currant                              
Rosa species Hardy shrub rose               
Rosa woodsii Wood’s rose                       
Salix species Willow                               
Spiraea x bumalda Bumald spirea                   
Spiraea douglasii Western spirea                   
Symphoricarpos albus Snowberry                         
Syringa species Lilac                                  
Viburnum trilobum Viburnum, Compact American
‘Compactum’ cranberry                        

Trees—conifer
Larix occidentalis Western larch                   
Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa pine                  

Trees—deciduous
Acer ginnala Amur maple                      
Acer macrophyllum Bigleaf maple                    
Acer rubrum Red maple                         
Aesculus hippocastanum Horsechestnut                    
Alnus rubra Red alder                          
Alnus tenuifolia Mountain alder                 
Betula species Birch                                  
Catalpa speciosa Western catalpa                 
Celtis occidentalis Common hackberry                           
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud                  
Cornus fl orida Flowering dogwood                         
Crataegus species Hawthorn                          
Fagus sylvatica European beech                 
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash                          
Fraxinus americana White ash                                         
Gleditsia triacanthos
var  inermis  cvs Thornless honeylocust                      
Gymnocladus dioicus Kentucky coffee tree                         
Juglans species Walnut                               
Liquidambar styracifl ua American sweetgum                         
Malus species Crabapple                          
Platanus racemosa Western or California sycamore        
Populus tremuloides Quaking aspen                   
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry                      
Prunus virginiana ‘Schubert’ Canada red chokecherry                 
Quercus garryana Oregon white oak                              
Quercus palustris Pin oak                              
Quercus rubra Red oak                             
Robinia pseudoacacia
‘Purple Robe’ Purple Robe locust                            
Sorbus aucuparia Mountain ash                     

PNW 590 • August 2006
Selecting plants that may reduce
your risk from wildfire
FIRE-RESISTANT PLANTS
FOR HOME LANDSCAPES
A Pacific Northwest Extension publication
Oregon State University • Washington State University • University of Idaho

No comments:

Permaculture and Polyculture Consulting and Design

Permaculture and Polyculture Consulting and Design
Getting to know your property, the plants you have and those you can grow, is a fulfilling endeavor. With most I am the steward of the land. I give them good soil biology and they do the rest. If I group them in cohesive plant communities, they respond with greater yields. If I encourage the micro-organisms (Fungus and bacteria) , the roots obsorb more nutrients making a pest and disease resistant plant. A stronger plant that gives us more organic food and takes less energy.

A Ten Acre Farm Transformed to an Edible Forest Garden

A Ten Acre Farm Transformed to an Edible Forest Garden
Self Renewing Fertility, Soil Building, Water Catchment, Tea Trail Swale, Erosion Control and Native American Medicinals