Jan 21, 2011

Seed Starting Schedule

Starting Dates for 2011 MN Veg  Crops Using April 30 as Last Frost Day  
Crop Weeks to start seeds Start inside   Setting-out date
From To Safe time to set out plants From To
Artichoke 8
5-Mar

on frost-free date
30-Apr

Basil 6
26-Mar

1 week after
7-May

Beets* 4 to 6
5-Mar
19-Mar
2 weeks before
16-Apr

Broccoli 4 to 6
5-Mar
19-Mar
2 weeks before
16-Apr

Cabbage 4 to 6
19-Mar
5-Mar
4 weeks before
30-Apr
2-Apr
Cauliflower 4 to 6
19-Mar
19-Mar
2 weeks before
30-Apr
16-Apr
Celery & celeriac 10 to 12
12-Feb
26-Feb
1 week after
7-May

Collards 4 to 6
19-Feb
5-Mar
4 weeks before
2-Apr

Corn salad/mache 4 to 6
5-Feb
12-Mar
3 to 6 weeks before
19-Mar
9-Apr
Corn* 2 to 4
2-Apr
30-Apr
0 to 2 weeks after
30-Apr
14-May
Cucumber 3 to 4
9-Apr
23-Apr
1 to 2 weeks after
7-May
14-May
Eggplant 8 to 10
5-Mar
26-Mar
2 to 3 weeks after
14-May
21-May
Kale 4 to 6
19-Feb
5-Mar
4 weeks before
2-Apr

Kohlrabi* 4 to 6
19-Feb
5-Mar
4 weeks before
2-Apr

Leeks 8 to 10
5-Feb
19-Feb
2 weeks before
16-Apr

Lettuce 4 to 5
26-Feb
12-Mar
3 to 4 weeks before
2-Apr
9-Apr
Melons 3 to 4
16-Apr
23-Apr
2 weeks after
14-May

Mustard* 4 to 6
19-Feb
5-Mar
4 weeks before
2-Apr

Okra* 4 to 6
2-Apr
30-Apr
2 to 4 weeks after
14-May
28-May
Onions 8 to 10
22-Jan
5-Feb
4 weeks before
2-Apr

Parsley 9 to 10
29-Jan
12-Feb
2 to 3 weeks before
9-Apr
16-Apr
Peas* 3 to 4
5-Feb
26-Feb
6 to 8 weeks before
5-Mar
19-Mar
Peppers 8
19-Mar

2 weeks after
14-May

Pumpkins 3 to 4
16-Apr
23-Apr
2 weeks after
14-May

Spinach 4 to 6
5-Feb
12-Mar
3 to 6 weeks before
19-Mar
9-Apr
Squash 3 to 4
16-Apr
23-Apr
2 weeks after
14-May

Swiss chard 4 to 6
5-Mar
19-Mar
2 weeks before
16-Apr

Tomatoes 6 to 8
12-Mar
2-Apr
1 to 2 weeks after
7-May
14-May
Watermelon 3 to 4
16-Apr
23-Apr
2 weeks after
14-May


Ageratum 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Agrostemma (Corn Cockle)* 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Amaranthus 4 to 6
26-Mar
9-Apr
1 week after
7-May

Ammi (False Queen Anne's Lace)* 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Artemisia (Sweet Annie) *** 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Asclepias (Butterfly Weed) 10 to 12
5-Feb
19-Feb
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Aster, China 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Bells of Ireland** 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Calendula* 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Cardoon 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Carthamus (Safflower)* 4 to 6
19-Mar
2-Apr
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Castor Bean 6 to 8
12-Mar
26-Mar
1 week after
7-May

Celosia 6 to 8
12-Mar
26-Mar
1 week after
7-May

Centaurea (Bachelor's Button)* 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Chinese Lanterns 8 to 12
5-Feb
5-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Coleus 8
12-Mar

1 week after
7-May

Cosmos* 5 to 7
12-Mar
26-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Craspedia (Drumstick Flower) 8 to 10
19-Feb
5-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Datura (Angel's Trumpet) 8 to 12
19-Feb
26-Mar
2 to 3 weeks after
14-May
21-May
Delphinium 10 to 16
8-Jan
19-Feb
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Dianthus (Sweet William) 10 to 12
22-Jan
12-Feb
1 to 2 weeks before
16-Apr
23-Apr
Digitalis (Foxglove) 10 to 12
5-Feb
19-Feb
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Eucalyptus 10 to 12
5-Feb
19-Feb
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Euphorbia (Snow-on-the-Mountain)* 4 to 6
19-Mar
2-Apr
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Flower Collections & Mixes* 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Forget-Me-Not 8 to 9
26-Feb
5-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Gaillardia (Blanket Flower) 8 to 10
19-Feb
5-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Gomphrena (Globe Amaranth) 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Helianthus maximillianii 8 to 10
19-Feb
5-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Hibiscus 8 to 10
26-Feb
12-Mar
1 week after
7-May

Hollyhock 8 to 10
19-Feb
5-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Hyacinth Bean 4 to 6
26-Mar
9-Apr
1 week after
7-May

Impatiens 8 to 10
26-Feb
12-Mar
1 week after
7-May

Kale, Ornamental 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Larkspur* 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Lisianthus 12 to 13
29-Jan
5-Feb
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Lupine 6 to 8
19-Feb
5-Mar
2 weeks before
16-Apr

Marigold 6 to 8
12-Mar
26-Mar
1 week after
7-May

Monarda (Bee Balm) 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Morning Glory 3 to 4
23-Apr
7-May
3 to 4 weeks after
21-May
28-May
Nigella* 4 to 6
19-Mar
2-Apr
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Phlox** 4
5-Mar

1 to 2 weeks before
16-Apr
23-Apr
Pepper, Ornamental 8
12-Mar

1 week after
7-May

Petunia 8 to 10
19-Feb
5-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Polygonum (Prince's Feather) 8 to 10
19-Feb
5-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

California Poppy* 2 to 3
9-Apr
16-Apr
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Corn Poppy* 2 to 3
9-Apr
16-Apr
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Iceland Poppy 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Ptilotus 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Rudbeckia (Black Eyed Susan) 8 to 10
19-Feb
5-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Salpiglossis (Painted Tongue) 4 to 6
19-Mar
2-Apr
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Salvia 6 to 8
19-Feb
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Sanvitalia 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Scabiosa (Pincushion Flower) 4 to 6
19-Mar
2-Apr
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Scarlet Runner Bean 2 to 3

soil 60 degrees

Snapdragon 8 to 10
19-Feb
5-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Statice 8
5-Mar

on frost-free date
30-Apr

Stock 8 to 10
19-Feb
5-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Sunflowers* 3-4
2-Apr
9-Apr
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Strawflower 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Sweet Pea* 4 to 6
5-Mar
26-Mar
1 to 2 weeks before
16-Apr
23-Apr
Thunbergia (Black Eyed Susan Vine) 6 to 8
5-Mar
19-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Tithonia (Mexican Sunflower)* 6
26-Mar

1 week after
7-May

Verbena 8 to 12
5-Feb
5-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Viola (Pansy) 8 to 12
22-Jan
26-Feb
1 to 2 weeks before
16-Apr
23-Apr
Yarrow 8 to 12
19-Feb
5-Mar
on frost-free date
30-Apr

Zinnia 4
9-Apr

1 week after
7-May

* Usually direct-sown, but may be started indoors
** Specifically recommended for direct seeding outdoors
*** We have left current crop failures in the list because they may be available next year.
Note: Dates are the same from year to year, but this table requires a year for computation

1 comment:

Lynne Mayo said...

I printed the seed starting chart for the Transition Town Phillips & Peace with Justice Organic Gardeners..

I appreciate your making information available to the public. Generous. Like Mama Earth.

No attitude. Gracias!

Lynne Mayo

Permaculture and Polyculture Consulting and Design

Permaculture and Polyculture Consulting and Design
Getting to know your property, the plants you have and those you can grow, is a fulfilling endeavor. With most I am the steward of the land. I give them good soil biology and they do the rest. If I group them in cohesive plant communities, they respond with greater yields. If I encourage the micro-organisms (Fungus and bacteria) , the roots obsorb more nutrients making a pest and disease resistant plant. A stronger plant that gives us more organic food and takes less energy.

A Ten Acre Farm Transformed to an Edible Forest Garden

A Ten Acre Farm Transformed to an Edible Forest Garden
Self Renewing Fertility, Soil Building, Water Catchment, Tea Trail Swale, Erosion Control and Native American Medicinals